ANAMMELECH


ANAMMELECH
ANAMMELECH (Heb. עֲנַמֶּלֶךְ), deity worshiped by the people of sepharvaim (II Kings 17:31), who were settled in Samaria (II Kings 17:24; Isa. 36:19), probably by Shalmaneser V or by sargon ii . The people of Sepharvaim (possibly Sibraim in Syria (cf. Ezek. 47:16; II Kings 17:24; 18:34), or Sipra'ani, a Chaldean locale) continued to worship their gods, Anammelech and adrammelech , and maintain the worship of the God of Israel. According to II Kings 17:31, the cult of Anammelech was accompanied by the sacrifice of children (see moloch ). The identity of this deity raises some difficulties, as no Assyrian or Babylonian deity bearing this name is known. The "Ana" element in the name has been variously explained as referring to Anu, the sky god, who was the head of the old Babylonian trinity (Anu, Bel, and Ea) and as a male counterpart of the well-known goddess anat . The "Melech" element has been explained as meaning "king" or "prince" (melekh), or as referring to human sacrifice to Moloch, or to a god bearing that name (cf. de Vaux, Anc Isr, 446). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Ebeling and B. Meissner (eds.), Reallexikon der Assyriologie, 1 (1932), 115–7; A. Jirku, Altorientalischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament (1923), 180 ff.; Maisler, in: JPOS, 16 (1936), 152–3; Pohl, in: Biblica, 22 (1941), 35 (Ger.); Albright, Arch Rel, 162 ff., 220 ff.; de Vaux, Anc Isr, 529 (incl. bibliography). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Smith, in: JAOS, 95 (1975), 477–79; A. Green, The Role of Human Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East (1975); S. Kaufman, in: JNES, 37 (1978), 109–18; R. Zadok, in: JANES, 8 (1976), 115–16; M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (1988), 212; A. Millard, DDD, 34–5.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anammēlech — (oriental. Myth.), s. u. Adrammelech 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anammelech — /euh nam euh lek /, n. one of the gods worshiped by the Sepharvites. II Kings 17:31. Also, Douay Bible, Anamelech. Cf. Adrammelech (def. 1). * * * …   Universalium

  • Anammelech —    One of the gods worshipped by the people of Sepharvaim, who colonized Samaria (2 Kings 17:31). The name means Anu is king. It was a female deity representing the moon, as Adrammelech (q.v.) was the male representing the sun …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Anammelech — /euh nam euh lek /, n. one of the gods worshiped by the Sepharvites. II Kings 17:31. Also, Douay Bible, Anamelech. Cf. Adrammelech (def. 1) …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of Biblical names — This is a list of names from the Bible, mainly taken from the 19th century public domain resource: : Hitchcock s New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Roswell D. Hitchcock, New York: A. J. Johnson, 1874, c1869.Each name is given with its …   Wikipedia

  • Qliphoth — Qliphoth, kliffoth or klippot (Heb. קליפות qelippot , meaning peels , shells or matter, [The Kabbalah or, The Religious Philosophy of the Hebrews by Adolphe Franck translated by I. Sossnitz (1926): Relation of The Kabbalah to Christianity page… …   Wikipedia

  • Asur — Die Liste biblischer Personen führt Eigennamen von Personen auf, die in der Bibel vorkommen. Sie ist nach dem Alphabet auf mehrere Seiten aufgeteilt. Die Bibelstelle(n) hinter den Personen sind die Erstnennungen in der Bibel. Namen von Orten,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste biblischer Personen/A — Diese Liste biblischer Personen führt Eigennamen von Personen auf, die in der Bibel vorkommen. Sie ist nach dem Alphabet auf mehrere Seiten aufgeteilt. Jene Bibelstellen sind angegeben, wo die Person zuerst genannt wird. Namen von Orten, Bergen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adrammelech — Adrammelech, 1) A. u. Anammelech, Götzen der nach Samarien versetzten Colonisten aus Sepharvaim, denen sie ihre Kinder opferten; vgl. Moloch; 2) Sohn Sanheribs, erschlug 697 v. Chr. mit seinem Bruder Sar Ezer seinen Vater, worauf beide nach… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Annamalech — Annamalech, so v.w. Anammelech …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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